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c o cocoe opo, p oopo oe ao a poy ocpao a coc pa oey o a ee oyy. oe oce ca e oe aepe po (ayoa). c xapaepye opee ypco ocpao a aoao, op aoc ypco ae eo ocyece pace o a ax opax. c e oae aoaec. Cyecy opeeee paa, ooe eo .

1. Ec peoee peae cpoc, o aep oa ypc a; p pee cpoca a poee aep, apo, oae ypc ocpao a o ooe .

Hapep, oe oy cocae 1200 ycox e a, a oe poa 800, .e. oe oy peae oe poa, o coae yco poca ypca a. B cyae oce ca eoxoo:

) c (ye) oe oy;

) .

Ec e oe oy ye coca 800 ycox e a, a oe pa 1200, oe poa pec oe oy, . e. ypc a ae . B cyae oce ca eoxo:

) c (ye) oe pa;

) .

2. He oycaec eee apae e ypca ocpao a aoao oce epoo ee aaoo (cpoo) ypca.

3. Ea ee ypca opao a aoao poecce po opee ypco aepo. B aco o pa ey cpoco poee oa oe ycaaac o 0,1 o 10 .

4. ooee a o ee cy oy pa oa yaca po epe cox epo.

5. Koppepoa ooeo a, ee coooee cpoca poe a opaoe, aaec oe ee a oee, opoo e xaae ee yoope.

p oppepoe ao coy ceye x :

- oaa ay a pay;

- yeaa oe oy a;

- yeaa oe oy a;

- caa ay c pa.

p oopeeo ocye oo ao o pax epo pope ee aa, acaa o ee.

cxo pa oce ca oo a aepax apaa ycaoe peoo ypca. [5]

Bapa ep. o aa, ocy a py o aaa po, ypcoo aep (oaoe o p) ycaaae epx pee ("ypcoo ca"), paax opx pooeo oe ye acpoa ooae ypc po, apep, a 1 o. CA 1900-2000 py.: 2000 py. ypc poaa (o y ypcy pecaeo aoe oeco ao a pay), 1900 py. ypc oyae (o y ypcy oyo aoee oeco ao a oyy).

Paccp ec ypcooo aepa yao po.

ec ypcooo aep. Kae 3 ypcoo aep ee ypc py cpoy oe (ec cpoc peae poee) oe (ec poee peae cpoc). Kypcoo aep (eo oo) cpye poecce po ce ee, ecee ee yaca ooe oeca aeo a yco ee poa.

ec yaco . oce oe "ypcoo ac" yac po oa oe a oa paee oae epe epo, axoxc peo ae, c op o ca epe cpca c. oaa ox ao o capx ocyee epoec (c epao 3 ) o epe ee aoo ypca.

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